Southern and Eastern Africa Policy Research

Southern and Eastern Africa Policy Research Network (SEAPREN) was a network of six research institutions who were engaged in strengthening policy analysis in their home countries. The network was established in Gaborone, Botswana November 1999.

The aim of the Network was to collaborate on national and regional research projects and capacity building; exchange best practices and mutual learning in research as well as institutional management; and monitor international developments and new approaches within the field of policy analysis to ensure that network members used best practices and techniques.

The network was driven by a Secretariat, which was housed at the Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF). The responsibility of the Secretariat was to ensure that the network was managed effectively and efficiently, and was properly resourced at all times. The network took off in 2002 with the seed funding provided by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).

The IDRC generously funded several meetings of the network and thus was instrumental in its creation. On 24 Janaury 2003, IDRC contributed a Grant to the value of US$ 250,000 for a period of 18 months. These core funds allowed the network to start its activities in the fields of collaborative research, training and dissemination.

Do African Skies Hold the Answer?

Most of the developed countries in the world, grew their economies initially by exploiting their natural resources or those of their neighbors.  The industrial revolution across Europe saw countries desperate for raw materials and energy sources like coal.  Africa too has ample natural resources, however much of this is being exploited by foreign companies and investment.

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Sure Africa has mineral and fuel resources although unfortunately this is not evenly distributed, the problem is that these resources are coveted across the world and often they are simply used to fuel other countries growth not African ones.  There is also of course, the perennial problem of corruption – Nigeria has huge energy resources but often the people of that country fail to see the benefits.  Oil has created great wealth for Nigeria but little filters down to ordinary citizens and smaller businesses.

The economic growth model based on mineral resources like coal and oil is however an outdated one and it may be better for Africa to look to the future using cleaner energy sources.  After all the continent has some huge advantages when it comes to creating energy using wind and the sun.

Just outside the Sahara Desert on the Moroccan border lie a huge installation of nearly half a million parabolic mirrors arranged in rows across the valley.   It is a $650 million investment in solar energy which opened this year, Morocco has committed to generating  over 40% of it’s electricity requirements from renewable sources by 2020.

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Their is some strong logic here, Africa is ideally placed to utilize both solar and wind power and many nations are beginning to aggressively expand in these areas.   There is hope that if this continues, Africa can avoid some of the hugely destructive growth phrases which most countries have practiced, China being the latest example.   There is little logic in forcing Africa down the same path, it hasn’t worked up till now and for once the continent can learn from the mistakes of the more developed world and bypass carbon based fuel sources.

This is important, it is obviously unfair to deny Africa the same growth  options as the developed world, yet the consequences of global warming would be disastrous to the continent.  There are many reports and documentaries which list the potential problems that Africa could face if the world’s temperature keeps climbing – you can download them from peer to peer file sharing sites but use anonymous torrents to hide your location.

Africa needs more energy and it needs it fast, demand is exploding alongside the population.  Many of the 1,2 billion people there simply don’t have access to reliable power sources and to get that to them using traditional methods would increase global warming substantially.   The solutions are there for Africa in a variety of renewable sources, all they need is the skills and expertise to implement the solutions.  It is in every ones interest to help Africa meet it’s energy requirements using clean fuels rather than carbon based ones.

Additional References,

John Hawkins, Changing Your IP Online, Faber Press 2015.

African Development Bank Promote Tanzanian Railway

Later this month the African Development Bank will hold a presentation and roadshow designed to attract additional financing for a new railway linking the port in Dar es Salaam with surrounding landlocked countries.  It is expected that nearly $8 billion dollars will be required to complete the project.  The lender based on the Ivory Coast is linking up with the World Economic Forum in order to try and attract additional investment for the massive project.

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The line will extend over 2200 kms and is widely hoped that it will transform many of the industries in the area,  It is though a huge project and much of the finance is still to be raised.  The planned standard gauge line has much of it’s funding in place and it is hoped will be operational soon.  Tanzania has hopes to become the logistical hub of Eastern Africa and become an important trade center for neighboring countries.

The line will end in the Capital of Rwanda – Kigali and two other lines will branch off to Lake Victoria and Burundi.  The Kigali line is expected to eventually connect to the Democratic Republic of Congo although this would require additional investments.  Much of the money is expected to come from Chinese banks and other Asian investors, there will certainly be a large contingent of Asian investors at the roadshow.   It is hoped that the investment will be spread so that there are no controlling investors although all understood this may not be possible,

Tanzania is the third largest economy in East Africa behind Kenya and Nigeria. It is also rich in mineral wealth for example the fifth largest gold producer and there are large reserves of natural gas which have not yet been exploited due to infrastructure issues.   Many people in these countries have to relay on much poorer communications for example simple things like residential VPN services like this can cost an awful lot of money even if they are available.

The first phase of the Kenyan link, measuring 609km and costing $3.2bn, is scheduled for completion by June 2017. Construction of a second 120-kilometer leg begins by the end of this year, according to the government.

Tanzania is also planning a liquefied natural gas plant that could cost as much as $30bn and a $10bn port at Bagamoyo. It has also agreed to host a $3.6bn pipeline to transport Ugandan crude to its Indian Ocean port at Tanga.

John Williams

African Business Leadership

The company owner, who’s well informed, is more likely to achieve success in the very long run. To have a very good place within the African small business market, it is crucial to get a suitable small business plan. There’s also an issue that numerous companies prefer to receive their people together from different workplaces either across the nation or from farther afield on a normal basis to talk about the business and where it might go. Actually, there isn’t a business within the country that isn’t affected. Actually, this one has already been done by several of the most prosperous businesses within the nation.

Most African small business venture are now in the complete process of small business transformation. It’s something which is required for every African small business aspirants. Practically speaking, African region has developed from a risky small business place to quite a profitable one. After the business is successful, this really isn’t a great deal of problem as the industry owner basks within the glory of their success.

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It is now more significant than ever for senior small business executives in marketing or company strategy to genuinely understand the fundamental shifts happening within the digital landscape. So long As the fundamental requirements are satisfied, companies that list themselves in African small business directory companies have the capacity to open doors for further direct sales to other members. Much like other small business directory assistance, African small business directory providers provide rather detailed listings of member companies that fit into various different categories. After all, good leads can become new clients, who can become continuing clients and certainly will be the dollars which come in to maintain your business afloat.

Quick start businesses are designed to last. In business you got to maintain market share after you achieve it. These are advice on ways to get the most out from listing your company on directories. Enjoy yourself, your enterprise and also your everyday living.   What many African businesses fail to do is to look outside their local market, the internet enables them to reach out to customers all over the world yet often this opportunity is ignored.  There are still challenges and difficulties for operating a digital based business from Africa, problems include filtering, censorship and accessing payment processors many who don’t allow African customers.   Most of these can be solved though by hiding your location through a proxy or VPN – this post entitled the best VPN for Netflix explains how it’s done.

The life of any excellent business is based on its plan. In beginning any business, you ought to form a small business plan. A small business plan is likely to assist you to set goals. You might not know about how great your business can grow until you’ve tried this.

Note that this sort of business strategy is helpful not merely in marketing but in addition in making your company. But if you really will make use of the proper marketing ideas then you’ll surely expand your small business in almost no time in any respect. However, by consulting business experts, you’ll somehow produce a good game. And what’s more, they would like to work with people whom they like.

Should you be in any way unhappy or dissatisfied with your own life or your company, you have to re-ignite your initial vision or create a brand-new one. The difference is, in case your vision isn’t articulated, you cannot include it in your organization plan. The part of a leader is crucial, it can tell wherever your group or company is going. This positions the group within an advantaged place to grab many small business opportunities. Always retain your professional conduct, as you’ll be assessed regarding your suitability for a business partner, particularly during the very first meeting. It’s a rewarding career which won’t only enable you to succeed in your endeavors, but will likewise permit you to help countless individuals reach their goals too.

Further Reading IP Filtering

Smart DNS Proxy

The Development of Africa

Regardless of where Africans were in a world, their circumstances are basically precisely the same. Crime is a significant issue facing African Americans. Nothing may be achieved less the sacrifice of the folks, African folks. The truth is that African history is the heart of world history.
Education should really be a fundamental right for every single African child. Poverty can be associated with academic achievement in the USA. Most importantly, African unity has to be encouraged, it generally does not have to be said that it’s the African folks who are poor.”

Most African rulers are poor duplicates of Western imperialism regarding ideas about how to rule. But then, just as there are numerous ways to things Fage will not mention or doesn’t appear to know, in spite of how in some European liberal circles he’s taunted among the leading scholars of African history. Provided that our own history isn’t intimately and inextricably entwined with everything we do, with each study we undertake, isn’t represented within our Universe, within our buildings as well as our walls, within our houses and streets, then we must study history more consciously than do the Europeans. In reality, it’s difficult for Middle-class Africans to co-operate in virtually any area endeavor.

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If there is freedom, the government is for the folks and by the folks, since the individuals govern themselves. If Africans want capitalism, they’ll to develop their very own concept and approach to it, and they’re going to need to do something similar in respect to communism and socialism. They dont understand that there may be a politics beyond party politics. This wasn’t taken well by the folks and also the collective sentiment resulted in a call for liberation.

Higher deficit in the present account is an alternative outcome of high unemployment within the economy. As a result of crisis several of the African countries didn’t get the targets within their production and export revenues. Mutasa said that COSATU has had lots of power previously concerning shaping South African policy. Because of this, New France never created as a colony for settlers.

The banking sector needs to have the ability to cope up with the present pace of the modern-day developments in the world financial system. African countries must keep up a strong economic and fiscal system with the capacity of coping together with the current global financial order. The implications project the lengthy term impacts of the crisis within the continent which might fuel the present food insecurity into the future too. These influence the food security and access to clean water in a lot of the African countries.

The entry of particular products to the African economy was restricted in a lot of the countries within the continent. This would seem to become an excellent boost to the African economy, however once again it’s the specific opposite. Oftentimes Africans aren’t even employed using their own particular skill sets. There are an increasing number of digital entrepreneurs however even then they are at a disadvantage needing tools to get things like an English IP address to hide their actual location. African countries should take urgent step to enhance the banking sector to be able to keep the economic stability by lessening the credit score risk.

A lot of the countries on the planet today fall within the category of creating countries. Therefore, the final outcome with respect to financial gain improves the GDP of the nation. Many countries have proposed significant escalation in public spending within their budget. To develop into developmental States, African countries need to revise their social policies.

James Graham
Author, Blogger and Economist
Also a cricket fan – How to Listen to TMS abroad

BBC Strengthens Links in Africa

The commercial arm of the UK’s national broadcaster the BBC gas struck a deal with a South African company called Rapid Blue.  The company is a a rising star in the production world  responsible for the African versions of X-Factor and Pawn Stars.  BBC Worldwide has actually bought an investment stake in the company although there were no specific financial details released.

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It appears  that the investment in Rapid Blue demonstrates a desire for the BBC to expand into Africa.  The company is obviously already very well known throughout Africa particularly through it’s World Service broadcasts which are listened to extensively throughout the continent.

Rapid Blue was established in 1993 and is based in South Africa, Nigeria and Angola.  It specialises in original productions and translating international TV formats for the African and South African markets.    Much of their productions are broadcast outside Africa though and making their content for an international market has been part of their success.

The BBC has in fact been working with Rapid Blue for some time already producing such shows as the Weakest Link and an African version of the popular Bake Off series.   There is an increasing demand for local content across Africa, which has previously been satisfied with programmes from the European and US market.   However it is this demand that the BBC Worldwide hope to tap into and obviously they have a huge catalogue at their disposal to act as a blueprint for the African market.

Many people in Africa already watch the BBC and other UK TV stations online by using a British VPN to bypass the blocks on watching outside the UK.  In fact it is estimated that many thousands use the BBC iPlayer service regularly despite it being technically inaccessible from Africa.  It is hoped that the BBC will be able to tap into this potential demand with broadcast actually made for the South African market.

Further Reading:

Information on watching UK TV and the BBC is available here in this video demonstrating how you buy IP address software.

 

Is Africa Suffering From Global Problems?

We often have great news to report on this site with regards the African economy.   There are many positive economic and social stories from across the continent, apart from a few obvious problem areas like Zimbabwe.  However there are some worrying economic indicators that suggest that the growth in Africa is not continuing unaffected by the general global problems.

Last year, African exports to China fell a massive 38% whereas in the other direction Africa imported more than 3.6% more – obviously not good news for African suppliers and producers.   Worst still in many ways was that foreign direct investment fell by about 40% in the first half of the year, without such investment infrastructure changes that are still needed will move very slowly.

Obviously China has suffered it’s own problems over the last 12 months and in some ways it highlights how dependent African growth is on the Chinese economy.   It is not inevitable that a Chinese slowdown will be matched by one in the African economy however it is very likely particularly as other countries are similarly affected and hence less likely to invest and buy from African businesses.

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Of course, investment is dependent on all sorts of considerations and in the past political instability has been one of the major problems.  Nowadays that is less of a problem in most countries but it has been replaced by other issues such as terrorism and climate change.    The effect of climate change has actually been cited by the World Economic Forum as one of the biggest risks to world economic development  and in Africa especially.

Ethiopia which has enjoyed some great economic success is now experience the biggest drought in decades,  IN Zambia there are issues with power deficits and problems with a weak currency.  Fiscal deficits and currency shortages are affecting many countries such as Angola and Nigeria.   There are a host of other problems which are severely impacting the African economic growth potential too.

The  good news that despite challenging global economic and local issues, the fundamentals that have attracted high levels of investment to Africa still remain.  There is a still a massive potential in the continent and there has definitely been improvement in overall levels of education, health and infrastructure in most countries.  Yet attracting more investment to Africa is essential and it will take more than a simple slideshow video maker to bring  the sort of finance required to make a real impact.

The story has changed in Africa and yet the positive developments over the last few years means that success is still possible,   It is important that African governments continue to transform their economies and invest wisely in their businesses.  It is likely that economic development could be fuelled by the agricultural sector – the one area where Africa has a potentially huge competitive advantage over the rest of the world.

John Collins

http://www.changeipaddress.net/